alexa Neurobiological evidence for hedonic allostasis associated with escalating cocaine use.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Ahmed SH, Kenny PJ, Koob GF, Markou A

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Abstract A paradoxical aspect of the transition to drug addiction is that drug users spend progressively more time and effort to obtain drug hedonic effects that continually decrease with repeated experience. According to the hedonic allostasis hypothesis, increased craving for and tolerance to the hedonic effects of drugs result from the same chronic alteration in the regulation of brain reward function (allostasis). Here we show in rats that repeated withdrawals from prolonged cocaine self-administration produces a persistent decrease in brain reward function that is highly correlated with escalation of cocaine intake and that reduces the hedonic impact of cocaine. This article was published in Nat Neurosci and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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