Author(s): Warren WH, Gould VE
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Abstract This article is an overview of the classification of pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms, their presentation, their pathologic appearance, and their clinical management. In addition, the original classification, based on histologic features, is reassessed in the light of newer areas in study, including neurosecretory products, neuroendocrine markers, ultrastructural studies, ploidy analysis, cell adhesion markers, apoptosis, oncogene mutation analysis, and genetic alterations. The histologic classification proposed in 1983 remains the single most valuable factor in establishing the diagnosis and, together with the TNM status, the prognosis of this group of interesting neoplasms.
This article was published in Surg Clin North Am
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access