Author(s): Young JS, Dexter WR
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Abstract The Southwest Regional System for Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury (Good Samaritan Hospital and St Joseph's Hospital, Phoenix, Arizona) treated 325 cases of traumatic spinal cord injury during the period June 1970 through December 1975. Of these, 172 met the study population criteria of the cases reported by Frankel et al. (1969) in their paper 'The value of postural reduction in the initial management of closed injuries of the spine with paraplegia and tetraplegia'. These cases are compared with those reported by Frankel et al. (1969). Cases were divided into neurological categories. The demography of the two study populations was amazingly similar as was the neurological results. The means for the reported neurological changes show that the average recovery for patients treated at Stoke Mandeville was slightly greater for each neurological category; however, this difference was statistically significant only for cervical cases (P less than 0.01). One of the differences in the treatment given by the two centres was that the Southwest Regional System performed surgery on 39\% of its cases and Stoke Mandeville none. The Southwest Regional System's non-operated cervical cases showed less average neurological recovery than Stoke Mandeville cervical cases (P less than 0.001). Comparison between the Southwest Regional System non-operated cases and operated cases revealed no significant differences within any neurological category. The average neurological change reported by both centres was relatively small, documenting that from the onset of injury the majority of people sustaining spinal cord injury are committed to living with paralysis, in most cases severe, for the rest of their lives.
This article was published in Paraplegia
and referenced in Journal of Spine