Author(s): Calmels P, Mick G, PerrouinVerbe B, Ventura M SOFMER Fren
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is very frequent after spinal cord injury, recent data showing that at least 80\% of the patients experience pain, one-third at a severe level. The main objective of the present work is to report and discuss data regarding tools and procedures for the screening, diagnosis, and evaluation of neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The method used is that developed by the SOFMER, which associated a systematic review of the literature and a selection of published works by a scientific commitee, an analysis of data performed by a binom neuropathic pain/physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) specialists, an evaluation of current practices during an expert consensus conference and via Internet, and finally a validation of the whole work by a pluridisciplinary expert panel. RESULTS: The literature provides an important series of studies on pain in spinal injury, but without specific data about neuropathic pain in this population. Some specific diagnostic and evaluation tools for neuropathic pain have been developed these last years, while numerous classifications, based on various criteria, have been proposed, some of them exhibiting some advantages for a pragmatic application and being in parallel in accordance with recent nosological and physiopathological advances. DISCUSSION: The DN4 questionnaire can be used for the screening and identification of neuropathic pain in this population of patients, often suffering from various types of pain. The use of the Spinal Cord Injury Pain Task Force of the International Association of the Study of Pain classification (SCIP-IASP), although some limitations, is recommended since taking into account physiopathology, localisation, and nature of pain. Daily uses of Visual Analogic Scale (VAS) or Numeric Scale (NS) are an obvious need and that of the questionnaire Douleur de Saint-Antoine (QDSA) for global evaluation and more specifically of the Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (NPSI) for neuropathic pain are highly recommended.
This article was published in Ann Phys Rehabil Med
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation