alexa Neuropathologic characteristics of brainstem lesions in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.


Internal Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Iwasaki Y, Hashizume Y, Yoshida M, Kitamoto T, Sobue G, Iwasaki Y, Hashizume Y, Yoshida M, Kitamoto T, Sobue G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We investigated whether the brainstem is affected by the pathologic process of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), with particular attention to brainstem atrophy, neuronal loss, pyramidal tract degeneration, and prion protein (PrP) deposition, in 33 patients with sCJD. Brainstem atrophy, particularly in the pontine base, was relatively prominent in patients with disease of unusually prolonged duration. Neuronal loss and pyramidal tract degeneration were also identified in some but not all patients with prolonged disease. Neuronal loss was relatively prominent in the pontine nucleus and less so in the substantia nigra and inferior olivary nucleus; motor nuclei of the brainstem tegmentum were well preserved. PrP deposition was present in the brainstem in all patients, and was identified predominantly in the substantia nigra, quadrigeminal body, pontine nucleus, and inferior olivary nucleus. PrP deposition was less prominent in the red nucleus and tegmentum of the pons and medulla oblongata. PrP deposition occurred least or not at all in the pyramidal tract. The density of PrP deposition in the sCJD brainstem was not associated with disease duration or neuronal degeneration until the late stage. Our results show that atrophy, neuronal loss, and pyramidal tract degeneration occur in the sCJD brainstem, particularly in patients with an unusually prolonged disease course. These findings are not associated directly with PrP deposition and may reflect end-stage sCJD. No VV1, VV2, or MV2 cases were included in our study; however, we suggest that widespread and relatively stereotypic PrP deposition is a consistent pathologic feature of sCJD, at least in MM1 sCJD patients. Although accumulation of PrP in the brainstem appears to be an early pathologic event in sCJD, and may remain into the late disease stage, the brainstem remains relatively resistant to the pathologic process of sCJD. This article was published in Acta Neuropathol and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version