alexa Neuroprotective actions of glucagon-like peptide-1 in differentiated human neuroprogenitor cells.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Velmurugan K, Bouchard R, Mahaffey G, Pugazhenthi S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-based therapies are currently available for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, based on their actions on pancreatic β cells. GLP-1 is also known to exert neuroprotective actions. To determine its mechanism of action, we developed a neuron-rich cell culture system by differentiating human neuroprogenitor cells in the presence of a combination of neurotrophins and retinoic acid. The neuronal nature of these cells was characterized by neurogenesis pathway-specific array. GLP-1 receptor expression was seen mainly in the neuronal population. Culture of neurons in the presence of Aβ oligomers resulted in the induction of apoptosis as shown by the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-6. Exendin-4, a long-acting analog of GLP-1, protected the neurons from apoptosis induced by Aβ oligomers. Exendin-4 stimulated cyclic AMP response element binding protein phosphorylation, a regulatory step in its activation. A transient transfection assay showed induction of a reporter linked to CRE site-containing human brain-derived neurotrophic factor promoter IV, by the growth factor through multiple signaling pathways. The anti-apoptotic action of exendin-4 was lost following down-regulation of cAMP response element binding protein. Withdrawal of neurotrophins resulted in the loss of neuronal phenotype of differentiated neuroprogenitor cells, which was prevented by incubation in the presence of exendin-4. Diabetes is a risk factor in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Our findings suggest that GLP-1-based therapies can decrease the incidence of Alzheimer's disease among aging diabetic population. Published 2012. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. This article was published in J Neurochem and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords