alexa Neuroprotective effect of transcorneal electrical stimulation on light-induced photoreceptor degeneration.
Neurology

Neurology

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Ni YQ, Gan DK, Xu HD, Xu GZ, Da CD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Direct electrical stimulation of neural tissues is a strategic approach to treat injured axons by accelerating their outgrowth [Al-Majed, A.A., Neumann, C.M., Brushart, T.M., Gordon, T., 2000. Brief electrical stimulation promotes the speed and accuracy of motor axonal regeneration. J. Neurosci. 20, 2602-2608] and promoting their regeneration [Geremia, N.M., Gordon, T., Brushart, T.M., Al-Majed, A.A., Verge, V.M.K., 2007. Electrical stimulation promotes sensory neuron regeneration and growth-associated gene expression. Exp. Neurol. 205, 347-359]. Recently, transcorneal electrical stimulation (TCES), a novel less invasive method, has been shown to rescue axotomized and damaged retinal ganglion cells [Morimoto, T., Miyoshi, T., Matsuda, S., Tano, Y., Fujikado, T., Fukuda, Y., 2005. Transcorneal electrical stimulation rescues axotomized retinal ganglion cells by activating endogenous retinal IGF-1 system. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 46(6), 2147-2155]. Here, we investigated the neuroprotection of TCES on light-induced photoreceptor degeneration and the underlying mechanism. Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats received TCES before (pre-TCES) or after (post-TCES) intense light exposure. After fourteen days of light exposure, retinal histology and electroretinography were performed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of TCES. The mRNA and protein levels of apoptotic-associated genes including Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase-3 as well as ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the retinas were determined by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. The localization of these gene products in the retinas was examined by immunohistochemistry. Both pre- and post-TCES ameliorated the progressive photoreceptor degeneration. The degree of rescue depended on the strength of the electric charge. Post-TCES showed a relatively better and longer-term protective effect than pre-TCES. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis revealed an upregulation of Bcl-2, CNTF, and BDNF and a downregulation of Bax in the retinas after TCES. Immunohistochemical studies showed that Bcl-2 and CNTF were selectively upregulated in Müller cells. These findings provide a new therapeutic method to prevent or delay photoreceptor degeneration through activating the intrinsic survival system. This article was published in Exp Neurol and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords