Author(s): Yang QZ, Lei C, Lu ZH, Wang BR, Xiong LZ
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neuroprotective effects and dose-response relation by combining JAK-STAT signal pathway inhibitor (AG490) with free radical scavenger dimethylthiourea (DMTU) in rats subjected to focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: In all rats, the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was produced by occlusion of right internal carotid artery with a nylon monofilament. One hundred male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into ten groups according to random digits table, 10 rats were in each group. The first experiment involved I/R model control, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control, normal saline (NS) control, AG490, DMTU and combination of AG490 and DMTU (A+D) groups. The second experiment involved model group and three experimental groups in which various doses of DMTU and AG490 were administered. The neurological behavior scores (NBS) were assessed at 24, 48 and 72 hours after reperfusion respectively in both experiments, and all the animals were then decapitated to determine the brain infarct volume after 72 hours. RESULTS: The values of NBS in A+D group, AG490 group and DMTU group were higher than those in model group at 24, 48 and 72 hours after I/R, and their brain infarct volumes were obviously smaller than model group as well (all P<0.05). The brain infarct volume in A+D group was obviously smaller compared with AG490 and DMTU alone (all P<0.05). The values of NBS were higher and the brain infarct volumes were smaller in both high dose and medium dose combination groups than those in low dose combination and model groups respectively (all P<0.05). In addition, brain infarct volumes in high dose group were smaller than medium dose group (P<0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between low dose and model groups. CONCLUSION: The combined application of AG490 and DMTU produces a dose-dependent synergistic neuroprotective effect.
This article was published in Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy