Author(s): Jamshid Ahmadi, Saxby Pridmore, Mohammadhossein Fallahzadeh
Objective: To evaluate the mental health of Iranian medical students with regard to sex differences. Methods: Participants: 200 junior (50 women, 50 men) and senior (50 women, 50 men) medical students selected randomly. Measurements: The Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire (The MHQ) was used to measure free floating anxiety. Phobia, obsession, somatization, depression and hysteria. Results: The mean age of 200 medical students was 23.7 year (SD=3.6), range 17 to 36. There was significant difference between mean age of women (22.3, SD=2.7) and men (25, SD=3.8), P<.001. The mean scores for psychiatric disorders for 200 students were: anxiety (women=7.5, men=5.2, P<.001), phobia (women=7.2, men=5.3, P=.008), obsession (women=9.9, men=8.9, P=.03), somatization (women=4.7, men=4.2, P=. 2), depression (women=7.9, men=6.7, P=.009) and hysteria (women=8.2, men=6.6, P=.03). Junior students reported significantly more psychiatric disorders (except hysteria) than senior students. Conclusions: Iranian female medical students reported significantly more anxiety, phobia, depression, obsession and hysteria than male medical students, and single medical students had more anxiety than married student (German J Psychiatry 2004; 7: 51-55).