alexa Neurotrophins promote the survival and development of neurons in the cerebellum of hypothyroid rats in vivo.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Neveu I, Arenas E

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The development of cerebellar cortex is strongly impaired by thyroid hormone (T3) deficiency, leading to altered migration, differentiation, synaptogenesis, and survival of neurons. To determine whether alteration in the expression of neurotrophins and/or their receptors may contribute to these impairments, we first analyzed their expression using a sensitive RNAse protection assay and in situ hybridization; second, we administered the deficient neurotrophins to hypothyroid animals. We found that early hypothyroidism disrupted the developmental pattern of expression of the four neurotrophins, leading to relatively higher levels of NGF and neurotrophin 4/5 mRNAs and to a severe deficit in NT-3 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA expression, without alteration in the levels of the full-length tyrosine kinase (trk) B and trkC receptor mRNAs. Grafting of P3 hypothyroid rats with cell lines expressing high levels of neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) or BDNF prevented hypothyroidism-induced cell death in neurons of the internal granule cell layer at P15. In addition, we found that NT-3, but not BDNF, induced the differentiation and/or migration of neurons in the external granule cell layer, stimulated the elaboration of the dendritic tree by Purkinje cells, and promoted the formation of the mature pattern of synaptic afferents to Purkinje cell somas. Thus, our results indicate that both granule and Purkinje neurons require appropriate levels of NT-3 for normal development in vivo and suggest that T3 may regulate the levels of neurotrophins to promote the development of cerebellum.
This article was published in J Cell Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords