alexa Neutrophil elastase promotes lung microvascular injury and proteolysis of endothelial cadherins.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Modern Chemistry & Applications

Author(s): Carden D, Xiao F, Moak C, Willis BH, RobinsonJackson S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) is associated with lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome. The hypothesis of this study was that intestinal I-R activates circulating neutrophils to promote elastase-mediated lung injury. Isolated rat lungs were perfused with blood or plasma obtained after intestinal I-R, and lung neutrophil retention and injury and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) elastase were measured. Perfusion with I-R blood caused lung neutrophil accumulation and injury and increased BAL elastase. These effects were attenuated by the elastase inhibitor L-658758. Interference with neutrophil adherence before gut reperfusion blocked BAL elastase accumulation. The role of endothelial junction proteins (cadherins) in I-R-elicited lung damage was also evaluated. Activated human neutrophils proteolyzed cadherins in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Furthermore, plasma of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome contained soluble cadherin fragments. The results of this study suggest that the elastase released by systemically activated neutrophils contributes to lung neutrophil accumulation and pulmonary microvascular injury. Elastase-mediated proteolysis of endothelial cell cadherins may represent the mechanism through which lung microvascular integrity is disrupted after intestinal I-R.
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Modern Chemistry & Applications

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version