Author(s): Al Jenaibi Badreya
This research examines relationships between Arab media and several different institutions including government in general, democracy specifically, and Islam. The primary purpose of this research is to gain not only broad, but also in-depth understanding of Arab governments and their control of media. One of the key issues discussed is the role of the Arabic media channel, Al-Jazeera, in the Arab region. A literature review has been provided that serves the purpose of providing valuable background on Islam and democracy, Arab media history and the new Arab media. The literature review additionally provides a context for the use of normative theories, Spiral of Silence theory and social media theory. Because the literature review focuses on Arab media history, the new Arab media and related theories mentioned above, the review revealed important unanswered research questions: Do Westerners have a different meaning of democracy than Arabs? How Al-Jazeera channel effect or increased public-sphere discussions? In order to examine these questions, the researcher collects and analyzes different texts and online sources such as journals and new books about Arab media and Al-Jazeerea. Conclusions are made that Islam ideals lead to press freedom and the personal right of information access is established. Arab people seek freedom through the right of elections in different countries like Kuwait and Bahrain, and Al-Jazeera has a positive influence on change in the Arab public sphere. It is also determined that Al- Jazeera plays an international role by being competitive with other channels like CNN and BBC.