Author(s): Van de Werf F
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Abstract Antithrombotic therapy is a cornerstone of treatment for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes, as demonstrated in numerous clinical trials. Long-term oral antiplatelet therapy targeting specific platelet activation pathways has demonstrated significant long-term benefits, whereas antithrombin use is limited to the acute setting. Despite proven efficacy of long-term dual oral antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel, residual morbidity and mortality is considerable. This may be partly due to incomplete inhibition of platelet activation with current agents and/or lack of long-term anticoagulant therapy. Improvements in patient outcomes could be achieved by developing agents that inhibit other platelet activation pathways or by adding new anticoagulants such as oral anti-IIa or anti-Xa agents for a prolonged period of time after the acute event. This review describes the rationale behind and the current status of the trials with new antithrombotic agents.
This article was published in Eur Heart J
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion