Author(s): Distler M, Grtzmann R
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Abstract Ductal adenocarcinoma is the most frequent malignant tumor of the pancreas and total resection of the pancreatic tumor is still the only curative treatment option. Most tumors are located in the pancreatic head, therefore, pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple PPPD) is the oncological standard procedure. By concentrating pancreatic resections in specialized centers for pancreatic surgery perioperative mortality and morbidity has decreased in recent years. However, pancreatic resections remain complex and difficult operations and pancreatic anastomosis is particular challenging. To achieve complete resection (R0) resection and reconstruction of large venous vessels is often necessary. Resection of arterial vessels is rarely performed and usually does not lead to an R0 resection of the tumor. Currently adjuvant chemotherapy after total tumor resection is standard of care for all tumor stages but neoadjuvant regimes have recently been reported increasingly more often. Advances in translational research has led to a better understanding of tumor biology and new diagnostic options and therapies are expected in the near future.
This article was published in Pathologe
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System