Author(s): Vottero A, Guzzetti C, Loche S
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Abstract Growth hormone (GH) secretion from the pituitary is regulated by a complex network of CNS and peripheral inputs. Circulating GH binds to its receptor and initiates a cascade of signaling events which involve the JAK2-STAT pathway, the PI3K/Akt pathway and the RAS/MAPK pathway, leading to the transcription of several genes, including insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), IGFBP3, ALS, and others. Recent findings indicate that nutrition plays an important role in GH secretion and action. Furthermore, data are emerging which suggest that the RAS-MAPK pathway as well as epigenetic regulation of transcription may be important in determining both circulating and locally produced IGF-1. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Endocr Dev
and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal