alexa New insight on scorpion divergence inferred from comparative analysis of toxin structure, pharmacology and distribution.
Genetics

Genetics

Single Cell Biology

Author(s): Froy O, Gurevitz M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The divergence of Buthidae, the most abundant family of scorpions, has relied thus far on anatomical and morphological features, but still remains controversial. However, much information has accumulated on Buthidae long-chain scorpion toxins affecting neuronal sodium channel conductance (alpha- and beta-toxins) and their pharmacology. Therefore, we constructed a toxin evolutionary tree, which together with recent data on toxin gene organization, toxin structures, and worldwide dispersion, sheds light on toxin and hence, scorpion divergence. Based on these data, we suggest that in the ancient world, the ancestral long-chain toxins affecting sodium channels developed into beta-like toxins, which most likely developed into alpha- and beta-toxins before the separation of South America from Africa. Subsequently, in the Old World, mostly excitatory and depressant toxins developed from the ancestral beta-like toxin and in the New World a new type of toxin group with beta-toxin structure but alpha-toxin activity developed from the beta-toxins. Assisted by the worldwide distribution of toxins and the zoogeographical dispersion of the studied genera in Asia and Africa (Old World) and in South and North America (New World), we suggest a route of divergence for some of the Buthidae scorpions, a task that has reached a standstill when morphological and anatomical features were used.
This article was published in Toxicon and referenced in Single Cell Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version