alexa New insights into mechanisms controlling the NLRP3 inflammasome and its role in lung disease.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): De Nardo D, De Nardo CM, Latz E

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Inflammasomes are large macromolecular signaling complexes that control the proteolytic activation of two highly proinflammatory IL-1 family cytokines, IL-1β and IL-18. The NLRP3 inflammasome is of special interest because it can assemble in response to a diverse array of stimuli and because the inflammation it triggers has been implicated in a wide variety of disease pathologies. To avoid aberrant activation, the NLRP3 inflammasome is modulated on multiple levels, ranging from transcriptional control to post-translational protein modifications. Emerging genetic and pharmacological evidence suggests that NLRP3 inflammasome activation may also be involved in acute lung inflammation after viral infection and during progression of several chronic pulmonary diseases, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma. Here, we review the most recent contributions to our understanding of the regulatory mechanisms controlling activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and discuss the contribution of the NLRP3 inflammasome to the pathology of lung diseases. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Am J Pathol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Donald silverberg
    Is correction of iron deficiency a new addition to the treatment of heart failure?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmed Zeidan
    Effects of intravenous iron in chronic kidney disease and heart failure
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nicolae Bacalbasa
    The benefits of surgery for breast cancer liver metastases – a single center experience
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Suzi Demirbag
    Indications and effectiveness of the open surgery in vesicoureteral refl ux
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Mehmet Ozler
    “Mehmet Ozler-Gulhane-Military-Medical-Academy-Ankara-Turkey-Pinealectomy-Initiates-the-Oxidative-Stress-Response-in-Brain-Tissue-of-Rats-Subject-to-Abdominal-Surgery”
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Alina Borowska
    Postoperative cognitive dysfunctions after cardiac operations
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ana Domingo Rueda
    Collaborative programme in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery in Ethiopia: Nursery role
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Manuele Casale
    The potential role of hyaluronic acid in postoperative radiofrequency surgery for chronic inferior turbinate hypertrophy
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Wenru Wang
    Effects of home-based cardiac rehabilitation programme for patients with acute myocardial infarction: A randomized controlled trail
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Cicek Senture
    Analyzing The Efficiencies Of Discharge Education For The Patients Who Had A Cardiac Surgery
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Femi Ehizokhale Osho
    Pain management for surgery and anesthesia
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jean Daniel Eloy
    Surgery Under Regional Anesthesia
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Bonnie Molloy, Scott Thornton, Daniel Silasi
    Preventive Anesthesia and Surgical Treatment Interventions during Robotics and Steep Trendelenburg Positioned Surgery
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Samar Jabbour-Khoury
    Anesthesia for bariatric surgery: What the occasional anesthesiologist should know
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords