Author(s): Nimbalkar AS, Shukla VV, Phatak AG, Nimbalkar SM
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Abstract Health status of neonates in urban slums has not been studied in smaller towns. A questionnaire was administered to 154 families of 10 urban slums of Anand (population - 197351) and 160 families from 6 villages of Anand district. The socioeconomic and education status of the slum dwellers versus rural participants were significantly lower (P<0.001). Antenatal care (79.9 vs 94.4\%, P<0.001), hospital delivery (82.5 vs 93.8\%, P=0.002), neonatal follow-up (27.9 vs 78.8\%, P<0.001), health seeking (56.5 vs 91.3\%, P<0.001), essential newborn care and exclusive breastfeeding (6.5 vs 85.6\%, P<0.001) were also lower in urban slums, as compared to villages, Care seeking was low in urban slums, Hindus and illiterate mothers. Health care and socioeconomic status of neonates in slums of smaller cities is poorer than in surrounding villages.
This article was published in Indian Pediatr
and referenced in Clinics in Mother and Child Health