Author(s): Yin L, Hubbard AK, Giardina C
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Abstract Expression of the telomerase catalytic subunit (TERT) is the rate-limiting determinant of telomerase activity in most cells. Analysis of the mouse TERT promoter revealed a potential NF-kappaB binding site 350 base pairs upstream from the translational start site. An oligonucleotide from this region of the TERT promoter bound to proteins in a nuclear extract prepared from a mouse hepatoma cell line. These proteins were identified as NF-kappaB by a number of criteria: 1) the protein complex formed on the TERT oligonucleotide had an electrophoretic mobility similar to that formed on an NF-kappaB consensus oligonucleotide; 2) protein binding to this site was enhanced by NF-kappaB activators tumor necrosis factor-alpha, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, and interleukin-1beta; and 3) the complex was specific and could be supershifted with antibodies against the p50 or p65 NF-kappaB subunits. The NF-kappaB binding site from the mouse TERT promoter activated transcription when fused to a basal SV40 promoter and enhanced the activity of the native TERT promoter in mouse hepatoma cells stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Transcriptional activation by the TERT NF-kappaB site could also be enhanced by co-transfection with an NF-kappaB1 expression vector. NF-kappaB may therefore contribute to the activation of TERT expression observed in mouse tissue.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Virology & Mycology