alexa N-glycan structures from the major glycoproteins of pigeon egg white: predominance of terminal Galalpha(1)Gal.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Takahashi N, Khoo KH, Suzuki N, Johnson JR, Lee YC

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Abstract N-Glycans from major glycoproteins of pigeon egg white (ovotransferrin, ovomucoid, and ovalbumins) were enzymatically released and were reductively aminated with 2-aminopyridine, separated, and structurally characterized by mass spectrometry and a three-dimensional mapping technique using three different columns of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (Takahashi, N., Nakagawa, H., Fujikawa, K., Kawamura, Y., and Tomiya, N. (1995) Anal. Biochem. 226, 139-146). Twenty-five major N-glycan structures, all of them hitherto unknown, were identified as pyridylamino derivatives. Of these, 13 were neutral, 10 were monosialyl, and 2 were disialyl oligosaccharides. All N-glycans contain from one to four Galalpha(1,4)Galbeta(1,4) sequences at the nonreducing terminal positions and are devoid of fucose residues. N-Acetylneuraminic acids were alpha(2,6)-linked only to beta-galactose. The HPLC profiles of the N-glycans from four different glycoproteins were qualitatively very similar to each other, but not identical in the peak distributions. Monosialyl glycans were most abundant in all four glycoproteins, followed by neutral glycans. Disialyl glycans were lowest in ovotransferrin, and highest in ovomucoid. Triantennary structures with bisecting GlcNAc were predominant in ovotransferrin, and tetra-antennary (with and without bisecting GlcNAc-containing) structures were predominant in other glycoproteins. Penta-antennary structures (with a sialic acid and without bisecting GlcNAc residue) were also found in small quantities in all four glycoproteins. In contrast to the chicken egg white counterparts, which contain mostly high mannose and hybrid types, all N-glycan structures in the major pigeon egg white glycoproteins are complex type. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

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