alexa Nicotine upregulates its own receptors through enhanced intracellular maturation.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Sallette J, Pons S, DevillersThiery A, Soudant M, Prado de Carvalho L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Chronic exposure to nicotine elicits upregulation of high-affinity nicotinic receptors in the smoker's brain. To address the molecular mechanism of upregulation, we transfected HEK293 cells with human alpha4beta2 receptors and traced the subunits throughout their intracellular biosynthesis, using metabolic labeling and immunoprecipitation techniques. We show that high-mannose glycosylated subunits mature and assemble into pentamers in the endoplasmic reticulum and that only pentameric receptors reach the cell surface following carbohydrate processing. Nicotine is shown to act inside the cell and to increase the amount of beta subunits immunoprecipitated by the conformation-dependent mAb290, indicating that nicotine enhances a critical step in the intracellular maturation of these receptors. This effect, which also takes place at concentrations of nicotine found in the blood of smokers upon expression of alpha4beta2 in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, may play a crucial role in nicotine addiction and possibly implement a model of neural plasticity. This article was published in Neuron and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords