Author(s): Rainier S, Chai JH, Tokarz D, Nicholls RD, Fink JK
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Abstract The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are genetically heterogeneous disorders characterized by progressive lower-extremity weakness and spasticity. The molecular pathogenesis is poorly understood. We report discovery of a dominant negative mutation in the NIPA1 gene in a kindred with autosomal dominant HSP (ADHSP), linked to chromosome 15q11-q13 (SPG6 locus); and precisely the same mutation in an unrelated kindred with ADHSP that was too small for meaningful linkage analysis. NIPA1 is highly expressed in neuronal tissues and encodes a putative membrane transporter or receptor. Identification of the NIPA1 function and ligand will aid an understanding of axonal neurodegeneration in HSP and may have important therapeutic implications.
This article was published in Am J Hum Genet
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy