alexa Nitric oxide down-regulates Epstein-Barr virus reactivation in epithelial cell lines.


Medicinal chemistry

Author(s): Gao X, Tajima M, Sairenji T

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Abstract Nitric oxide (NO), a mediator of biological functions, has an antimicrobial activity against a variety of pathogens including viruses. In this study, we found that a constitutive, low level of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) mRNA was expressed in the EBV-infected gastric tissue-derived GT38 and GT39 cell lines, by analysis with the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Southern blotting. Treatment of these cells with a specific NOS inhibitor, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), induced the immediate-early, EBV transactivator gene BZLF1 protein ZEBRA, suggesting a significant increase in EBV reactivation by L-NMMA. Northern blotting demonstrated that BZLF1 and BRLF1 transcripts were also induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13 acetate (TPA). Meanwhile, constitutive expression of iNOS mRNA was inhibited by TPA. L-NMMA also enhanced TPA-induced expression of the BZLF1 gene. On the other hand, a NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), which releases NO in an aqueous solution, inhibited the TPA-induced BZLF1 gene expression in a dose-dependent manner at both mRNA and protein levels. These results demonstrated that NO is a regulatory factor in maintaining virus latency via inhibiting EBV reactivation in the infected epithelial cells. Copyright 1999 Academic Press. This article was published in Virology and referenced in Medicinal chemistry

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