Author(s): Parasher G, Frenklakh L, Goodman, Siddiqui T, Nandi J,
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Abstract The role of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitors in indomethacin (INDO) -induced enteropathy was investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were subcutaneously administered 5\% sodium bicarbonate (controls), two doses of INDO 7.5 mg/kg, and three different inducible NO synthase (iNOS) inhibitors at various concentrations 24 hr, apart; aminoguanidine (AG), guanidinoethyldisulfide (GED), and n-(3-aminomethyl)benzylacetamidine (1400W). Rats were killed four days after the initial injection and small intestinal mucosa was assayed for myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and iNOS expression by western blot analysis. Serum nitrite/nitrate (NOx) concentration was measured colorimetrically. INDO produced acute ulcers along the mesenteric border from the ileum to proximal jejunum. Rats treated with AG (25 and 50 mg/kg), GED (2.5 mg/kg), and 1400W (0.1 mg/kg) showed decreased total ulcer length and MPO activity by 51, 72, 53, and 61\% and by 58, 88, 68, and 70\%, respectively, compared to INDO alone. All inhibitors similarly reduced INDO-enhanced serum NOx concentrations to its basal levels. Significant iNOS expression was detected in INDO-treated rats, but the inhibitors did not alter iNOS expression. Our data suggest that NO derived from iNOS may be a key factor in the pathogenesis of acute INDO-induced enteropathy in rats.
This article was published in Dig Dis Sci
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta