Author(s): Tartler U, Krncke KD, Meyer KL, Suschek CV, KolbBachofen V
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Abstract Zinc is crucial for the biosynthesis, storage, and secretion of insulin in pancreatic islet cells. We have previously presented evidence that NO interferes with cellular Zn(2+) homeostasis and we therefore investigated the influence of chronic NO exposure on the labile islet cell Zn(2+) content. A strong fluorescence activity in a large islet cell subpopulation was found after staining with the Zn(2+)-specific fluorophore Zinquin. Culture for 24 h in the presence of nontoxic concentrations of the slow-releasing NO donor DETA/NO resulted in a significantly reduced Zn(2+)-dependent fluorescence. This appears to be islet specific as in endothelial cells DETA/NO exposure enhanced the Zn(2+)-dependent fluorescence activity in a concentration-dependent manner. These results suggest that NO interferes with cellular Zn(2+) homeostasis, which in islet cells is crucial for proper hormone delivery and thus special cell function. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
This article was published in Nitric Oxide
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism