alexa Nitric oxide modulates microglial activation.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Psychiatry

Author(s): Stefano GB, Kim E, Liu Y, Zhu W, Casares F,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has important physiological regulatory roles, i.e, vasodilation, neurotransmitter release, etc. Little is known about the processes in neural tissues, which stabilize microglia. This study attempts to answer this question by demonstrating a role for basal NO in maintaining microglia juxtaposed to neurons. MATERIAL/METHODS: Mytilus edulis (a marine bivalve), were used to examine microglia egress from excised pedal ganglia microscopically. Nitric oxide is measured in excised pedal ganglia amperometrically in real-time. RESULTS: Pedal ganglia exhibit basal NO release (1 nM range). Inhibition of basal NO release by L-NAME results in greater numbers of microglia in the incubation medium. This process appears to involve two phases of egress. The first involves a slow egress of microglia, whereas the second, occurring 18 hours later, involves a more rapid release of these cells. Low levels of the NO donor SNAP (1 nM) does not interrupt microglial egress, whereas in the presence of L-NAME it does. Exposing the ganglia to high NO levels for a short period of time inhibits their egress. CONCLUSIONS: Spontaneous ganglionic NO release maintains/stabilizes microglia juxtaposed to neurons. Excised ganglia at the various observation periods reveals a transition of constitutive nitric oxide synthase (NOS) to inducible NOS derived NO. It also appears that the microglia in some unknown manner become insensitive to iNOS derived NO since they exhibit enhanced migration during this last phase of the ganglionic NO response. Taken together, NO is involved with regulating microglial activation.
This article was published in Med Sci Monit and referenced in Journal of Psychiatry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords