alexa Nitric oxide, the kidney and hypertension.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Schnackenberg C, Patel AR, Kirchner KA, Granger JP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract 1. According to the renal body fluid feedback mechanism for long-term control, persistent hypertension can only occur as a result of a reduction in renal sodium excretory function or a hypertensive shift in the pressure natriuresis relationship. Although an abnormal relationship between renal perfusion pressure and renal sodium excretion has been identified in every type of hypertension where it has been sought, factors responsible for this effect are still unclear. 2. Nitric oxide (NO) is produced within the kidney and plays an important role in the control of many intrarenal processes that regulate the renal response to changes in perfusion pressure and, thus, help determine systemic vascular volume and blood pressure. Numerous studies have shown that long-term inhibition of NO synthesis results in a chronic hypertensive shift in renal pressure natriuresis. 3. Recent studies have shown that certain animal models of genetic hypertension and forms of human hypertension areas are associated with a decrease in NO synthesis. Reductions in NO synthesis reduce renal sodium excretory function, not only through direct action on the renal vasculature, but through modulation of other vasoconstrictor processes and through direct and indirect alterations in tubular sodium transport. 4. The causes and consequences of the disregulation of NO in hypertension and other renal disease processes remain an important area of investigation.
This article was published in Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version