alexa Nitric oxide-related brain damage in acute ischemic stroke.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Castillo J, Rama R, Dvalos A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The neurotoxic and neuroprotective role of nitric oxide (NO) in experimental cerebral ischemia has generated considerable debate. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between NO metabolite (NO-m) concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and clinical and neuroimaging parameters of brain injury in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We studied 102 patients and 24 control subjects who were included in a larger previous study conducted to analyze risk factors of progressing stroke. NO generation was calculated by quantifying nitrates and nitrites with a colorimetric assay in CSF samples obtained within the first 24 hours from symptoms onset. Early neurological deterioration was defined as a fall of 1 or more points in Canadian Stroke Scale score between admission and 48 hours after inclusion. Infarct volume was measured on days 4 to 7 by cranial CT. RESULTS: Median NO-m concentrations [quartiles] were 2.1 [1.0, 4.5] micromol/mL in patients and 1.0 [1.0, 1.0] micromol/mL in control subjects (P<0.0001). In 45 patients with subsequent early neurological deterioration, NO-m levels in CSF were significantly higher than in those with stable stroke (4.0 [1.7, 7.8] versus in 1. 6 [1.0, 2.5] micromol/mL, P<0.0001). There was a moderate correlation between NO-m and infarct volume (coefficient 0.39, P<0. 001). NO-m concentrations >5.0 micromol/mL were significantly associated with early neurological worsening (OR 5.7, 95\% CI 1.2 to 27.4; P=0.030) independent of other important factors related to progressing stroke, such as CSF glutamate levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our clinical findings suggest an important role of NO generation in acute ischemic stroke. Increased NO-m in CSF are associated with a greater brain injury and early neurological deterioration.
This article was published in Stroke and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords