Author(s): Hansen DS, Bernard NJ, Nie CQ, Schofield L
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Abstract NK cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes that also secrete regulatory cytokines and can therefore influence adaptive immune responses. NK cell function is largely controlled by genes present in a genomic region named the NK complex. It has been shown that the NK complex is a genetic determinant of murine cerebral malaria pathogenesis mediated by Plasmodium berghei ANKA. In this study, we show that NK cells are required for cerebral malaria disease induction and the control of parasitemia. NK cells were found infiltrating brains of cerebral malaria-affected mice. NK cell depletion resulted in inhibition of T cell recruitment to the brain of P. berghei-infected animals. NK cell-depleted mice displayed down-regulation of CXCR3 expression and a significant reduction of T cells migrating in response to IFN-gamma-inducible protein 10, indicating that this chemokine pathway plays an essential role in leukocyte trafficking leading to cerebral disease and fatalities.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology