Author(s): McCleskey FK, Hastings JR, Winn RE, Adams ED Jr
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Abstract Vibrio cholerae bacteremia occurred in a patient with cirrhosis after placement of a LeVeen shunt. At the time of bacteremia, cultures of peritoneal fluid were negative and fluid dynamics did not suggest spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Despite apparent successful treatment of the bacteremia, relapse and death occurred with culture positivity of peritoneal fluid for V. cholerae. Simultaneously, blood cultures were positive for Klebsiella pneumoniae. Agglutination studies demonstrated the V. cholerae to be a non-01 strain. Insertion of a LeVeen shunt, which bypasses the hepatic clearance mechanisms, appeared to have allowed bacteremia to occur with this bacterium that is rarely isolated from blood. In patients with LeVeen shunts, bacteremia with noninvasive pathogens may occur, and in coastal areas, Vibrios should be considered when bacteremia occurs.
This article was published in Am J Clin Pathol
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy