Author(s): Arnoux V, Dorez D, Muller M, Gignoux A, Valignat C,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: In 2011 in France, all kidneys from patients with brain death and from living donors cannot meet the demand for renal transplants. Since 2006, sampling protocols kidneys from non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) are developed to increase the number of renal transplants. The objective was to describe the organization of a protocol NHBD in a non-university hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with inclusion criteria of protocol NHBD of the Agency of Biomedicine were prospectively included between 1st July 2011 and 31 December 2012. The protocol data were comparable to national data. Vascular canulation was performed by urologists. The epidemiological, clinical and biological characteristics of patients included, the different times and deadlines of the protocol, and data of renal transplantation were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Over the period of 18 months, 16 patients were included in the protocol NHBD, with a median age of 42 years, and 87.5\% of males; 93.8\% of patients made a cardiac arrest outside the hospital. The median duration of no-flow was 4.3 minutes (0; 23), the median time between the cardiac arrest and admission to hospital was 90 minutes (0; 116), the median time between the cardiac arrest and the start of the normothermic recirculation was 139 minutes (40; 150), and the median duration of normothermic recirculation was 212 minutes (186; 240). For urologists, the median duration of mobilization was 178 minutes and 97 minutes after 20 h. Twenty-four kidneys were collected (75\%) and 22 kidneys were transplanted (91.7\%). The median duration of cold ischemia was 9 h 12 (5 h 25; 18 h 02). No primary non-function of graft was observed. Delayed graft function was observed in 50\% of cases and the median duration of dialysis was 2 days (0; 19). After 12 months of inclusion, our center accounted for 8\% of the national census and 16\% of transplanted kidneys NHBD. CONCLUSION: The involvement of rescue, coordination, anesthesiologists and urologists, and the concentration of jobs in our center have helped to minimize response times NHBD in the protocol for maximum quality of kidneys taken with transplant rates and results are very encouraging. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Prog Urol
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research