alexa Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) and motor recovery after stroke.


International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): SimonettaMoreau M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recovery of motor function after stroke occurs largely on the basis of a sustained capacity of the adult brain for plastic changes. This brain plasticity has been validated by functional imaging and electrophysiological studies. Various concepts of how to enhance beneficial plasticity and in turn improve functional recovery are emerging based on the concept of functional interhemispheric balance between the two motor cortices. Besides conventional rehabilitation interventions and the most recent neuropharmacological approaches, non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) has recently been proposed as an add-on method to promote motor function recovery after stroke. Several methods can be used based either on transcranial magnetic stimulation (repetitive mode: rTMS, TBS) via a coil, or small electric current via larges electrodes placed on the scalp, (transcranial direct current stimulation tDCS). Depending on the different electrophysiological parameters of stimulation used, NIBS can induce a transient modulation of the excitability of the stimulated motor cortex (facilitation or inhibition) via a probable LTP-LTD-like mechanism. Several small studies have shown feasible and positive treatment effects for most of these strategies and their potential clinical relevance to help restoring the disruption of interhemispheric imbalance after stroke. Results of these studies are encouraging but many questions remain unsolved: what are the optimal stimulation parameters? What is the best NIBS intervention? Which cortex, injured or intact, should be stimulated? What is the best window of intervention? Is there a special subgroup of stroke patients who could strongly benefit from these interventions? Finally is it possible to boost NIBS treatment effect by motor training of the paretic hand or by additional neuropharmacological interventions? There is clearly a need for large-scale, controlled, multicenter trials to answer these questions before proposing their routine use in the management of stroke patients. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. This article was published in Ann Phys Rehabil Med and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version