Author(s): McClean D, Aragon J, Jamali A, Kar S, RitzemaCarter J,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Implantable cardiac pressure monitors require assurance of calibration. This study evaluated if airway pressure responses during Valsalva maneuver (VM) can be used for calibrating intracardiac pressure transducers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight heart failure patients performed VMs while cardiac and airway pressures were recorded. Patients were designated as Lower (L) if baseline PCW was <20 mm Hg (n = 17); otherwise, they were categorized as Higher (H) (n = 21). VMs were repeated in 9 H patients after nitroglycerin. Procedural success was 92\% and there were no complications. Differences between filling pressure and airway pressure (effective pressure) were eliminated during VM (RA(eff) = -0.9 +/- 1.3, RVED(eff) = 1.2 +/- 1.1, PCW(eff) = 2.1 +/- 2.8, and LVED(eff) = 0.9 +/- 1.6 mm Hg), and filling pressures were highly correlated with airway pressure r = 0.94. On average, group H had higher PCW(eff) and LVED(eff) than L patients by 1.8 and 2.5 mm Hg (P < or = .002), respectively, but after nitrates their responses were identical. CONCLUSION: The relationships between cardiac filling pressure and airway pressure during the Valsalva maneuver are sufficiently reliable to be considered as a new, noninvasive method for establishing the calibration of cardiac pressure sensors in patients with heart failure.
This article was published in J Card Fail
and referenced in Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis