alexa Noninvasive measurement of regional cerebral blood flow change with H(2)(15)O and positron emission tomography using a mechanical injector and a standard arterial input function.


Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Sadato N, Yonekura Y, Senda M, Magata Y, Iwasaki Y,

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Abstract To estimate changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) without arterial sampling in the study of functional-anatomical correlations in the human brain, using (15)O-labeled water and PET, a standard arterial input function was generated from the input function in 10 normal volunteers with dose calibration and peak time normalization. The speed and volume of injection were precisely controlled with a mechanical injector. After global normalization of each tissue activity image, the standard arterial input function was applied to obtain estimated CBF images. Relative changes in estimated rCBF to whole brain mean CBF(DeltaFest) and those in regional tissue activity (DeltaC) were compared with true relative rCBF changes (DeltaF) in 40 pairs of images obtained from 6 normal volunteers. DeltaFest correlated well with DeltaF, whereas DeltaC consistently underestimated DeltaF. This noninvasive method simplifies the activation studies and provides the accurate estimation of relative flow changes. This article was published in IEEE Trans Med Imaging and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

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