alexa Non-invasive monitoring of the estrous cycle in captive crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous).
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Souza NP, Furtado PV, da Paz RC

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Abstract In this study, four crab-eating fox females (Cerdocyon thous) maintained at the Federal University of Mato Grosso Zoo, Cuiabá, Brazil, were investigated for 16 mo, using transabdominal ultrasonography and measurement of estradiol and progesterone concentrations in blood plasma and feces. Blood collection and ultrasonography were performed once a month, whereas fecal collections were performed three times a week. During the experimental period, there was an annual estrous cycle in all females, with the reproductive season lasting from winter to spring, and three became pregnant. Transabdominal ultrasonography was inconclusive for characterization of estrus cycles phase, but was effective for early detection of pregnancy, pregnancy monitoring, and for evaluating postpartum uterine involution. There were similarities between C. thous female's reproductive aspect and bitches, with similar pregnancy data, although uterine involution was faster in C. thous. Peak serum concentrations of P4 and E2 were (mean ± SD) 14.58 ± 5.8 ng/ml and 31.62 ± 53.54 pg/ml, respectively, whereas mean fecal peaks of P4 and E2 were 2.37 ± 1.42 ng/g and 157.95 ± 82.63 pg/g, respectively. All pregnant females had serum and fecal P4 concentrations reaching maximum values (16.5 ± 4.0 ng/ml and 2.7 ± 0.4 ng/g, respectively) from 10 to 30 d of gestation; those values subsequently declined, reaching baseline at parturition (5.0 ± 4.0 and 0.7 ± 0.4 ng/g, respectively). Peaks of E2 occurred throughout the year, and were absent only during apparent lactational anestrus. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Theriogenology and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

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