Author(s): Krishnamoorthy G, Hinkle PC
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Abstract Direct measurements of the proton/hydroxyl ion flux across rat liver mitochondria and liposome membranes are reported. H+/OH- fluxes driven by membrane potential (delta psi) showed nonlinear dependence on delta psi both in mitochondria and in liposomes whereas delta pH-driven H+/OH- flux shows linear dependence on delta pH in liposomes. In the presence of low concentrations of a protonophore the H+/OH- flux was linearly dependent on delta psi and showed complex dependence on delta pH. The nonlinearity of H+/OH- permeability without protonophore is described by an integrated Nernst- Plank equation with trapezoidal energy barrier. Permeability coefficients depended on the driving force but were in the range 10(-3) cm/s for mitochondria and 10(-4)-10(-6) cm/s for liposomes. The nonlinear dependence of H+/OH- flux on delta psi explains the nonlinear dependence of electrochemical proton gradient on the rate of electron transport in energy coupling systems.
This article was published in Biochemistry
and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access