Author(s): Xu X, Rothwarf DM, Scheraga HA
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The one-disulfide intermediates formed during the oxidative refolding of ribonuclease A (RNase A) have been characterized. This information is important for understanding the folding pathways of RNase A. The one-disulfide intermediates were blocked with 2-aminoethyl methanethiosulfonate, fractionated using ion-exchange chromatography, and digested with trypsin and chymotrypsin. The resulting peptide fragments were fractionated using reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography, and identified using mass spectrometry. The relative population of each one-disulfide intermediate was determined from its disulfide bond concentration using a postcolumn disulfide detection system. A total of 24 out of 28 possible one-disulfide intermediates were found to be populated (greater than 0.3\%) in the one-disulfide mixture. The population of one-disulfide intermediates displays a nonrandom distribution. All four native disulfide pairings have populations greater than those predicted by loop entropy calculations, suggesting the presence of enthalpic contributions stabilizing these species. The one-disulfide intermediate [65, 72], containing the disulfide bond between cysteines 65 and 72, comprises 40\% of the entire one-disulfide population. The interactions that stabilize this intermediate may play an important role in the regeneration pathways of RNase A.
This article was published in Biochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics