Author(s): Ghazal G, Jaquiry C, Hammer B
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Abstract Between January 1996 and January 2001 28 patients (nine females, nineteen males) with 35 fractures were treated by observation and soft diet only. Patients with isolated high condylar neck fractures were not included. The mean age at time of trauma was 35.6 years (5/80). Only patients with normal occlusion and radiologically undisplaced fractures were included. The follow-up time was 15 weeks on average (8/33). The patients did not undergo any active treatment. They just received the instruction to reduce mouth opening and to take a soft diet for 4 weeks. During the first 2 weeks after the trauma the patients were seen twice a week. Follow-up X-rays were performed after 4 and after 8 to 12 weeks. As a preemptive therapy antibiotics (amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid 2 x 1g/day) were given for 5 days. Spontaneous healing of all fractures was observed. In two patients a tooth had to be removed out of the fracture line. One patient complained about an occlusal problem after 1 week. In his case intermaxillary fixation was installed for 2 weeks. For forensic reasons the patients have to be fully informed about possible complications before indicating this type of management. Patient selection is crucial and requires a highly experienced surgeon. Patient inconvenience due to frequent consultations must be taken into consideration. This type of treatment can be recommended only in selected cases.
This article was published in Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals