Author(s): Kinoshita T, Ebara S, Kamimura M, Tateiwa Y, Itoh H,
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Abstract To screen a potential risk factor for femoral neck fracture, we characterized lumbar vertebral fractures in 120 patients with femoral neck fractures (19 men, 101 women; mean age, 78.7 years) by investigating the frequency of patients with lumbar vertebral fracture, the number of vertebral fractures per patient, and the severity of deformity of the fractured vertebral bodies. These findings were compared with data gathered from a population of age- and sex-matched control patients (20 men, 89 women; mean age, 77.6 years) who had no evidence of femoral neck fracture. The heights of the anterior and posterior walls together with the midpart of the lumbar vertebrae were measured on lateral radiographs to identify fractures. The extent of height loss in the fractured vertebrae was calculated for each group. The incidence of patients with vertebral compression fractures was significantly higher in the femoral neck fracture group than in the control group (65.0\% vs 41.1\%). In terms of age, the difference in the incidence of vertebral fractures in the two groups was greater in the less aged (60-79 years old) than in the more aged (>80 years old) population. The mean number of lumbar vertebral fractures was also significantly greater in the femoral neck fracture group than in the control group (1.59 +/- 1.39 vs 0.75 +/- 1.19; P < 0.001). The incidence of more deformed vertebral fractures, which were defined as a vertebral height loss of more than 50\%, was also significantly higher in the group with femoral neck fracture than in the control group (23.0\% vs 7.3\%). Based on these results, we concluded that multiple and more severely deformed vertebral fractures might represent a high risk for femoral neck fracture, particularly in patients less than 79 years of age. Care measures that encompass fall prevention and protection of proximal femurs in addition to drug therapy for osteoporosis should be recommended to individuals in this category.
This article was published in J Bone Miner Metab
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research