alexa Nonuniformity in the von Bezold-Jarisch reflex
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Lauren M Salo

Abstract Share this page

The von Bezold-Jarisch reflex (BJR) is a vagally mediated chemoreflex from the heart and lungs, causing hypopnea, bradycardia, and inhibition of sympathetic vasomotor tone. However, cardiac sympathetic nerve activity (CSNA) has not been systematically compared with vasomotor activity during the BJR. In 11 urethane-anesthetized (1–1.5 g/kg iv), artificially ventilated rats, we measured CSNA simultaneously with lumbar sympathetic activity (LSNA) while the BJR was evoked by right atrial bolus injections of phenylbiguanide (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2 μg). Nerve and heartbeat responses were analyzed by calculating normalized cumulative sums. LSNA and heartbeats were always reduced by the BJR. An excitatory “rebound” component often followed the inhibition of LSNA but never outweighed it. For CSNA, however, excitation usually (in 7 of 11 rats) outweighed any initial inhibition, such that the net response to phenylbiguanide was excitatory. The differences in net response between LSNA, CSNA, and heartbeats were all significant (P < 0.01). A second experimental series on seven rats showed that methyl atropine (1 mg/kg iv) abolished the bradycardia of the BJR, whereas subsequent bilateral vagotomy substantially reduced LSNA and CSNA responses, both excitatory and inhibitory. These findings show that, during the BJR, 1) CSNA is often excited, 2) there may be coactivation of sympathetic and parasympathetic drives to the heart, 3) divergent responses may be evoked simultaneously in cardiac vagal, cardiac sympathetic, and vasomotor nervous pathways, and 4) those divergent responses are mediated primarily by the vagi.

This article was published in American Journal of Physiology and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version