alexa Nosocomial infections in a pediatric intensive care unit
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Author(s): Milliken J, Tait GA, FordJones EL, Mindorff CM, Gold R

Abstract Share this page

In a prospective 30-month study of nosocomial infections in a pediatric ICU (PICU), the incidence, sites, and causes of infection were determined. Factors associated with increased risk of infection were investigated. In 1,388 patients who remained in the PICU for a minimum of 72 h, 116 infections occurred (6.1 infections/100 admissions). Primary bacteremias comprised 38% of PICU infections and lower respiratory infections comprised 15%. The remaining infections were divided equally among GI, skin, eye, upper respiratory, postoperative wounds, and other sites. Coagulase-negative staphylococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus were the most prevalent pathogens. Surgical patients had similar rates of infection to medical patients. Patients in the first 2 yr of life, particularly those between 7 and 30 days of age, had the highest rate of infection. Onset of infection was more common after the first week in the PICU with 11% of patients staying 14 to 20 days, 27% of patients staying 21 to 27 days, 48% of patients staying 28 to 34 days, and 52% of patients staying more than 35 days before the onset of infection. The risk of nosocomial infection increases with arterial and central line use, prolonged intubation, ventilation, intracranial pressure monitoring, and paralysis.

This article was published in Critical Care Medicine and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords