Author(s): Outtz HH, Wu JK, Wang X, Kitajewski J
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Abstract We investigated whether Notch signaling plays a role in regulating macrophage responses to inflammation. In a wound healing assay, macrophage recruitment was decreased in Notch1(+/-) mice, and the wounds were characterized by decreased TNF-α expression. As wound healing progressed, Notch1(+/-) wounds had increased vascularization and collagen deposition compared with wild-type wounds. In mice with myeloid-specific Notch1 deletion, wounds had decreased macrophage recruitment as well as decreased TNF-α expression, indicating the specific role of Notch1 in the inflammatory response in these cells. In vitro, we found that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1) was upregulated in macrophages in response to LPS/IFN-γ and that this upregulation depended on Notch signaling. Furthermore, macrophages from Notch1(+/-) mice had decreased expression of VEGFR-1 compared with macrophages from wild-type mice, whereas VEGFR-1 expression in Notch4(-/-) macrophages was normal. Inhibition of Notch signaling decreased induction of the inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-12, CXCL10, MCP-1, monokine induced by IFN-γ, and TNF-α in macrophages in response to LPS/IFN-γ. Additionally, macrophages from Notch1(+/-) mice demonstrated decreased induction of IL-6, IL-12, and TNF-α in response to stimulation compared with wild-type mice. Thus, both pharmacological inhibition of Notch and genetic analysis demonstrate that Notch1 regulates VEGFR-1 and cytokine expression in macrophages. We have also established that Notch1 is important for the inflammatory response during wound healing in mice.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy