alexa Novel alcohol oxidase with glycolate oxidase activity from Ochrobactrum sp. AIU 033
Microbiology

Microbiology

Fermentation Technology

Author(s): Shigenobu Kishino

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We revealed that Ochrobactrum sp. AIU 033, which accumulated a high concentration of glyoxylate from glycolate, produced an enzyme catalyzing oxidation of glycolate to glyoxylate. The enzyme further oxidized lactate and primary alcohols (C2-C10), but did not oxidize glyoxylate, ethylene glycol, glycerol, or methanol. The K-m, value for glycolate (167 mM) was higher than that for primary alcohols. The glycolate oxidase activity was optimum at pH 5.5, and more than 80% of the enzyme activity remained in the pH range from 5.5 to 6.5 and at below 35 degrees C. The enzyme had a molecular mass of 130 kDa and was composed of an alpha(2)beta(2) structure, in which the la subunit was 52 kDa and the beta subunit was 14 kDa. The enzyme was a flavoprotein and contained two iron atoms. The N-terminal sequences of the 52 kDa subunit and 14 kDa subunit had high similarity to those of putative glucose-methanol-choline oxidoreductases and putative 2-keto-gluconate dehydrogenase. These findings implied that the enzyme was a novel type of alcohol oxidase exhibiting glycolate oxidase activity. The enzyme accumulated glyoxylate with time, but oxalate, which is the oxidation product of glyoxylate, was not detected. This result also indicated that the enzyme catalyzed the formation of glyoxylate in the resting cell-reaction and thus could be useful in the enzymatic production of glyoxylate.

This article was published in Journal of Molecular Catalysis B Enzymatic and referenced in Fermentation Technology

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