alexa Novel controlled-release Lemna-derived IFN-alpha2b (Locteron): pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and tolerability in a phase I clinical trial.


Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

Author(s): De Leede LG, Humphries JE, Bechet AC, Van Hoogdalem EJ, Verrijk R,

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Abstract Locteron, a newly developed controlled-release formulation of Lemna-derived free (unpegylated) recombinant interferon-alpha2b (IFN-alpha2b, Biolex Therapeutics, Pittsboro, NC) in poly(ether-ester) microspheres (PolyActive, OctoPlus N.V., Leiden, the Netherlands), was evaluated in 27 volunteers injected with either 20, 80, or 320 microg Locteron (equivalent to 6.25, 25, or 100 x 10(6) IU, respectively), 80 microg pegylated IFN-alpha2b (PEG-IFN-alpha2b), microspheres not containing IFN-alpha2b, or placebo. Serum free or PEG-IFN-alpha2b and two biomarkers of IFN activity, neopterin and 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (2',5'-OAS), were measured. After injection of 320 microg Locteron, serum IFN-alpha2b remained elevated through 14 days. The elimination half-life of Locteron was more than 2-fold that of PEG-IFN-alpha2b. The effects of 80 microg Locteron and 80 microg PEG-IFN-alpha2b on both neopterin and 2',5'-OAS were in a comparable range. Serum persistence of both these biomarkers was similar at 14 days after 320 microg Locteron compared with 7 days after 80 microg PEG-IFN-alpha2b. Mild, moderate, or severe influenza-like symptoms developed in all 6 subjects receiving 80 microg PEG-IFN-alpha2b. No such symptoms occurred after 20 or 80 microg Locteron doses. Among the 4 recipients of 320 microg Locteron, 1 experienced mild and 2 experienced moderate influenza-like symptoms. Locteron merits further clinical investigation as a hepatitis C therapy suitable for dosing once per 2 weeks. This article was published in J Interferon Cytokine Res and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

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