Author(s): Tsuchiya C, Sakata T, Sugita H
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Abstract AIMS: This study was conducted to clarify the taxonomic status of Bacteroides type A strains with high vitamin B(12)-producing ability that is widely distributed in the intestinal tracts of freshwater fish. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventeen strains of Bacteroides type A isolated from five fish species were all rod-shaped and gram-negative. The strains were positive for esculin hydrolysis, nitrate reduction, resistance to bile, acid phosphatase, and negative for the production of catalase and urease and the susceptibility to vancomycin. The G+C content of DNA from the 17 strains was 29 x 1-31 x 9 mol\%, and 16S rDNA sequence analysis revealed a close phylogenetic relationship between Bacteroides type A strains and Cetobacterium somerae sharing 99 x 7-100\% sequence similarity. In addition, strains were capable of producing vitamin B(12) at a rate of 1 x 82-13 x 98 ng ml(-1) in 48 h. CONCLUSION: Phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics indicated that all isolates previously classified as Bacteroides type A strains belong to C. someare. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study provided the important finding of novel niche of vancomycin-resistant bacteria such as C. somerae in the intestinal tract of freshwater fish.
This article was published in Lett Appl Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development