alexa Novel heavy-metal adsorption material: ion-recognition P(NIPAM-co-BCAm) hydrogels for removal of lead(II) ions.


Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Ju XJ, Zhang SB, Zhou MY, Xie R, Yang L,

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Abstract A novel polymeric lead(II) adsorbent is prepared by incorporating benzo-18-crown-6-acrylamide (BCAm) as metal ion receptor into the thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) hydrogel. Both stimuli-sensitive properties and the Pb(2+)-adsorption capabilities of the prepared P(NIPAM-co-BCAm) hydrogels are investigated. The prepared P(NIPAM-co-BCAm) hydrogels exhibit good ion-recognition and Pb(2+)-adsorption characteristics. When crown ether units capture Pb(2+) and form BCAm/Pb(2+) host-guest complexes, the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the hydrogel shifts to a higher temperature due to both the repulsion among charged BCAm/Pb(2+) groups and the osmotic pressure within the hydrogel. The adsorption results at different temperatures show that P(NIPAM-co-BCAm) hydrogels adsorb Pb(2+) ions at temperature lower than the LCST, but undergo desorption at temperature higher than the LCST due to the "stretch-to-shrink" configuration change of copolymer networks which is triggered by the change in environmental temperature. This kind of ion-recognition hydrogel is promising as a novel adsorption material for adsorption and separation of Pb(2+) ions. The adsorption and desorption of Pb(2+) could be rationally achieved by simply changing the environmental temperature. This article was published in J Hazard Mater and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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