Author(s): Bldicke T, Weber H, Mueller PP, Barleon B, Bernal M
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Abstract The human vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2/KDR) and its ligand vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play an essential role in tumor angiogenesis and in haematological malignancies. To inhibit VEGF induced signalling, intrabodies derived from two scFv fragments recognizing the VEGF receptor were generated. When these intrabodies were expressed in endothelial cells, they blocked the transport of KDR to the cell surface. We developed a cell culture model using porcine aortic endothelial cells overexpressing KDR for testing the efficiency of anti-KDR intrabodies. The two intrabodies were targeted to the ER and colocalized with the KDR receptor in an intracellular compartment. No degradation of the receptor was observed. An immature incomplete glycosylated protein of 195 kDa was detected, suggesting that the intrabodies affect the maturation of the receptor. Despite the presence of significant amounts of receptor protein, the inactivation by one of the two intrabodies was highly effective, resulting in complete functional inhibition of KDR and inhibition of in vitro angiogenesis. The new intrabody appears to be a powerful tool with which to inhibit KDR function.
This article was published in J Immunol Methods
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy