Author(s): Fierro IM, Kutok JL, Serhan CN
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Abstract Proliferative states such as chronic inflammation, ischemic diseases, and cancer are often accompanied by intense angiogenesis, a highly orchestrated process involving vessel sprouting, endothelial cell migration, proliferation, and maturation. Aspirin-triggered lipoxins (ATLs), the 15R enantiomeric counterparts of lipoxins (LXs), are endogenous mediators generated during multicellular responses that display potent immunomodulatory actions. Herein, we report a novel action for the ATL stable analog 15-epi-16-(para-fluoro)-phenoxy-lipoxin A(4) (denoted ATL-1), which proved to be a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. This ATL inhibited endothelial cell proliferation in the 1 to 10 nM range by approximately 50\% in cells stimulated with either vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at 3 ng/ml or leukotriene D(4) at 10 nM. In addition, ATL-1 (in a 10-100 nM range) inhibited VEGF (3 ng/ml)-induced endothelial cell chemotaxis. In a granuloma in vivo model of inflammatory angiogenesis, ATL-1 treatment (10 microg/mouse) reduced by approximately 50\% the angiogenic phenotype, as assessed by both vascular casting and fluorescence. Together, these results identify a novel and potent previously unappreciated action of aspirin-triggered 15-epi-LX.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research