Author(s): Korman SH, Waterham HR, Gutman A, Jakobs C, Wanders RJ
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Abstract Detection of hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT IA) deficiency by metabolite screening may be problematic. The urine organic acid profile is generally said to be normal and no abnormal or increased acylcarnitine species are evident on bloodspot tandem MS examination. We diagnosed CPT IA deficiency presenting with acute encephalopathy +/- hypoglycemia and hepatomegaly in one Bukharan Jewish and two Palestinian Arab infants from consanguineous families. CPT1A mutation analysis identified two novel nonsense mutations, c.1737C>A (Y579X) and c.1600delC (L534fsX), extending the known genetic heterogeneity in this disorder. A distinctive organic aciduria was observed in all three patients, even several days after initiation of treatment and resolution of symptoms. Abnormal findings included a hypoketotic dicarboxylic aciduria with prominence of the C12 dicarboxylic (dodecanedioic) acid. This C12 dicarboxylic aciduria suggests that CPT I may play a role in uptake of long-chain dicarboxylic acids by mitochondria after their initial shortening by beta-oxidation in peroxisomes. In addition, increased excretion of 3-hydroxyglutaric acid was detected in all three patients, a finding previously observed only in glutaric aciduria type 1, ketosis, and short-chain hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Examination of urine organic acids with awareness of these metabolic findings may lead to improved diagnosis of this seemingly rare disorder.
This article was published in Mol Genet Metab
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy