alexa Novel methyltransferase activity modifying the carboxy terminal bis(geranylgeranyl)-Cys-Ala-Cys structure of small GTP-binding proteins.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Giner JL, Rando RR

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Abstract Proteins containing CX3, CXC, and CC (where C is cysteine and X is undefined) undergo posttranslational isoprenylation at their cysteine residues. In the case of proteins which terminate in CX3, proteolytic removal of X3 is followed by the carboxymethylation of the isoprenylated cysteine residue. CXC proteins also undergo C-terminal methylation. The present study addresses the question of whether this methylation is catalyzed by a different isoprenylated protein methyltransferase than that previously described for CX3 proteins. The S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) dependent methylation of a small peptide-N-acetyl-S-geranylgeranyl-L-cysteinyl-L-alanyl-S-geranylgeranyl- L- cysteine (Ac(GG)CysAla(GG)Cys)--was investigated using membranes from a variety of bovine tissues as sources of enzyme. Ac(GG)CysAla(GG)Cys was a substrate for methylation, while Ac(GG)Cys(GG)Cys was not. Reciprocal inhibition studies on the methylation reactions of the CXC peptide and of N-acetyl-S-farnesyl-L-cysteine (AFC), a previously described methyltransferase substrate, suggested that these reactions are catalyzed by distinct enzymatic activities. Farnesylthioacetic acid (FTA), a potent competitive inhibitor of the methylation of AFC, did not inhibit the methylation of the CXC peptide. Moreover the KI values for S-adenosylhomocysteine and S-adenosylethionine inhibition differed for the two enzymatic activities. These data indicate that more than one AdoMet-dependent methyltransferase is involved in the carboxymethylation of isoprenylated proteins.
This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

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